Pump and valve manufacturers are faced with multifaceted challenges when choosing the right products to meet their customers' needs. They need to understand the contents and behavior of the components they transport, not just the components themselves. Is it solid, liquid, or gas? Is it acidic, alkaline, or neutral? What is the viscosity, particle size, abrasiveness, and temperature?
In addition, they must also weigh multiple factors to meet customer needs, such as sanitation, installation, delivery, environment, region, cost, maintenance, fluid impact, delivery time, and energy efficiency. For example, what pipes and pumps are needed to transport a high-fat, low-adhesive, high-temperature fluid for a given vertical and horizontal distance?
This example belies the true complexity facing pump and valve manufacturers when they need to propose products to meet their customers' specific needs. The disciplines of chemistry, physics, fluid dynamics and engineering converge to create a challenge unique to this industry.